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Author : Zenon Kelper - first ed. 98/09/14

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- Starting from Psychology

- The Limit of Psychology

- The Overtaking of Psychoanalysis

- Asynchronic Model of the Psychism

- Lacanian Schema and Social Capability

- Freudian Schema and Social Capability


Though it started from a Thermodynamics see Freud's first essay in 1895 , Psychoanalysis  formulating can begin with a Psychology - for instance, a Palo Alto model of the Psychological Communication gives an easy insight on the first logic of Psychoanalysis.

Schema 'X' : Logic of the Psychological Communication (Palo Alto)




"SCHEMA X" - comment: when two persons are communicating, they share
an objective context
(Object of orientation) while each one is
a source of orientation towards the other as well as an object of orientation for the other.
This constitutes the psychological being's first split



Displays the Artificial Intelligence approach of the model

In its abstracted form (left) the model X let see the particularity of
what can be called a true Psychological Model - for Psychoanalysis differs there.

Popular psychoanalysis has already well informed
with the idea of an Oedipus Complex
which can make a pattern for some adult life

Men and women (right) are seeking for love,
while their quest for that object of orientation
is assisted by parental figures
(e.g. the Wife's Father Image that the Husband supports
and the Husband's Mother Image that the Wife supports)

Thus, as the parental model figure shows, the Me for you is much more something of You than a 'real' part of me . To some extent, the me is exclusively related to some instance which is all together an Other, an Absolute You (see below).


Many ways alude, or represent this Absolute, which has made a perceptions for many mystics and a cause or philosophy. It is illustrated in my sites as a political issue See the Fascist alternative to Ecology , a linguistic issue see the process of Subjectivity , a sociological factor for Genetics see Plato's Cave in Democracy , and a function in a Structural system see the Absolute versus Chaos  . These representations may not be easy to understand from a Psychological point of view alone. The imaginary me for you leads an infinite multiplication see the indefinity of the Psychological Model (called Metonyme in Linguistics see the Cybernetic formula of the Metonyme ) which is taken into account in the Psychoanalytical point of view. This is where the distinction between Psychology and Psychoanalysis begins :


Psychoanalysis is a meta Psychology - that means that it is a 'psychology of psychology' (aka a plural analysis which has been  called and painted in Lacan's case, by his friend Salvador Dali: critic paranoia see Dali and representation of topology ). In other words, Psychoanalysis considers that any true psychology (with its absolutization) is imaginary, in comparision with a real psychology which is tends to look like a sociology (with its pluralism).

Such 'reflection' on one's own thinking process is not rare - as it is also shown in History - History of Mentalities visit Mentalities page , Mnemohistory see a critic review of a Mnemohistory essay , etc... However it is specially advanced in the case of Psychoanalysis which began to present sets of formula representing the work of Psyche (Psyche meaning mirror in ancient Greek).
The Psychoanalyst J.Lacan intended to render the Absolute instance amongst the components of the above Model 'X' (Psychological Model). The schema below that I proposed in 1989 (PSO) shows the reasoning which leads to Lacan Model 'L' see Lacan schema beside Freud's Model . There one sees the very You (Alter, or the Wife for the Husband in schemas above) of the Psychological communication, being assumed as the Absolute Other (as 'A' in the schema below). Yet, most important is that as a result of this assumption, the former 'as' figures (re. above: as object, father image, mother image, etc...) acquire a status of 'representants' - comparable with the grain or the surface of the mirror where an infant realizes the production of his or her image (this is known as Mirror Stage).

Constitution of the Imaginary Plan and Social Reflexion

So divided (re: split see Social Link Split  model 'X'), the being conceives a new path towards
his vis-a-vis: turning the 'as object' into
grain of mirror (seeming, memes)
he gazes through a
mirror-screen of the "object-as" relationships ( a-a' ), towards his Ideal image ( I ) :



WTheaux, PSO, UNEFPE 1989

as psycho
as ecolo

"SCHEMA XL" - comment: The "as object" ego/alter constitutes a primary network  
(a-a' illustrated by Freud as the ego intererlationship see animated ego network function )
- e.g. the structure that one perceives
through linguistics. This imaginary relation constitutes the interface that
mirrors a Subject. Beyond this screen an Ideal is refered, from Plato and philosophy since.
Lacan attempted to identify at this place, the unconscious or the paranoiac Other compare with Lacan schema L ,
in his progressist yet still resistant development.

NOTE: Considering the memes (grains of mirror: a-a') coming in place of the former parental figures (imagos) of the Oedipus Complex, the fantasm of the so-called murder is explained - as well as its correlative constitution of a Law which comes in place of the objective reference of the world. Yet this Lacanian stage of the analysis shows its resistance  while its inability to represent the biological (i.e. environmental) condition of life.
There follow the Psychoanalytical representation of the superego regime :

The multi-faced divinity and  the supremacy of the Law represents the Lacanian degree of Psychoanalysis. In order to reach the next phase, with the virtual reality of Artificial Intelligence (instead of the multi-faced divinity) supplying for a commun relationship towards the Environment (instead of the Law) see the Freudian Model of Ecology , we must apply an analysis of  the Resistance see Second Lacanian Analysis according to the Freudian method, as well as improving the dynamism see the circulation of the desire in fact of Lacan's Model :

Lacan's "OPTICAL MODEL" (1950) renders
the elucidation of the paradox that a first psychological
approach of Communication intuitively sketches (Model 'X', above).

It is in a remarkable intrigue in the History of Psychoanalysis - that I have currently set in charge of a eminent scholar, while I may disclose it during my life time goto repressed stories of Psychoanalysis - that J.Lacan exposed the arcane mechanism of the Model 'X'. He took the example given by a child in an E.A.Poe's novel for the analysis of the psychological Communication. The Purloined Letter is the text where two entities play the game of imagining what the other imagines of oneself. It is not only a good approach for the enigma that Egyptology explores see the Freudian topology of an Egyptological essay , in regards with the neibourghing of Israel, when the secret hieroglyph of the Atoniam monotheism was the supposed Letter stolen by an heretic and displayed for the Jews - it is also an excellent demonstration of the regime of knowledge that Cybernetics imposes with its thinking machines see the linking of Psychoanalysis and Artificial Intelligence .

Here is the metapsychological process of the me-for-you in slow analytic motion

Three beingness (three You) emanate from the analysis:
first one subjective, subject of the knowledge of
being thought (second one, AKA the you-for-me complement) as a
reflexive known (third one, verb)

This is where the Psychoanalytic development of the Psychological Communication (Model 'X') rallies a Sociology, thus allowing Psychoanalysis to stand as a Science (as Freud understood the necessity for his theory, when he addressed it before de Mass Psychology see Freud's last recommendation ) and consequently a science for Ecology see topology of practical Ecology .
The Social Link consist of the special thread of connections goto Social Link page which joins the social figures (as the parents in the example of the oedipus Complex) and undergo a splitting which the above animated picture shows in a thrice development of the You (the Other) that the ego addresses, and that the static figure of the lacanian model shows  in the effect of refraction that the optical metaphore allows see the Social Link in the Cave/Optical Model .

The blend of Psychology and Sociology is there achieved (meeting Freud's requirement for validating Psychoanalysis see Freud final declaration ). It is known as being also the degree that Plato required for validating his Republic, as reprsented in Lacan's model see Optical Model in Republic phase . Metaphoricaly, this is when a mirror operates as the door of the cave see cybernetics as mirror . It is the foundation of an Economy since Reflection unveils its Production effect see Application of the Model in Industrial situation .

Seen as Ideal in the Virtual Reality (beyond the mirror), the 'Ego' becomes the 'Subject' ($)
in the Lacanian
Optical Model phase Democracy:

Psychoanalytical Representation of the Sociology of Democracy
according to William Théaux

In its static version... Phase 1.
Body on the left & Psyche on the right, inside the elliptic system nervous (as initialy set by Lacan)






"OPTICAL MODEL (J.Lacan)" - comment: This is identical to the above 'Schema XZ'. The 'object-as' screen is 
definitely a mirror ('
A') in Lacan's schema. Lacan also wrote the 'elusive Ego' as $ (alias 'crossed-out-Subject')
that is mirrored as '
S,I' (alias 'Ideal') by the composite (vase & flowers) 'C,a'. This 'composite' equates
the above
Alter - that is mirrored as i'(a) or 'second You'. Lacan described the Transference
relationship as linking
a' & C; but was not able yet for a full Ecological Model.


 for comparison: here is static version... Phase 2
called psychoanalysis or republic 

where the eye has moved 180° towards I
(and the mirror truned horizontal 90°)

The same view had been drawn by Freud in his MODEL OF THE CROWD (1920) :
(notations in red and blue added to show its relation to the parallel Ecological Model)

Minimal Social Unit (3 egos/Me) in the Social Psychoanalytical Model





"Model of the Crowd - S.Freud, 1921" - comment: Freud's Model for a Collective Psychology
is also identical to the above: its displays three (horizontal) levels which can be compare
in the Lacanian Optical Model, with the 'Subject', the 'bunch', and the 'vase'.
On the right side of the schema Freud located the collective representant.
Further details and comparison can be found in the historical roots of this system,
supporting its validity as an Ecological Model.

NOTE: The important step in the psychoanalytical field, which is displayed by this page is covered in Theaux's bibliography. Especially the connection between Freud and Lacan's Models (with psychology too) is described in PSO (Lapreflexion) in French - it is also commented in English in video lectures as Psycho-analysis and Ecology.




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